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Please enter **weight**, **height**, **age**, and **gender** below to calculate BMR using the **Mifflin-St Jeor Equation**

Looking to calculate TDEE? Check out our TDEE calculator

The **Mifflin-St Jeor Equation** is a formula used to estimate Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), which is the number of calories your body needs at rest to maintain vital functions such as breathing and circulation.

The equation takes into account factors such as **age**, **gender**, **weight**, and **height** to estimate BMR. It's often used in nutrition and weight management to determine daily calorie needs for weight maintenance or weight loss.

A Mifflin-St Jeor calculator is a tool that allows you to calculate BMR using the Mifflin-St Jeor equation.

This Mifflin-St Jeor calculator uses the following formula for **males**:

BMR (kcal/day) = 10 × weight (kg) + 6.25 × height (cm) - 5 × age (years) + 5

On the other hand, the formula for Mifflin-St Jeor BMR for **females** is:

BMR (kcal/day) = 10 × weight (kg) + 6.25 × height (cm) - 5 × age (years) - 161

You can simply enter height, weight, age and gender in your preferred units in the calculator above to get your result.

The Mifflin-St Jeor calculator is used to determine BMR, which is not the same as TDEE.

**Total Daily Energy Expenditure (TDEE)** represents the total amount of energy (calories) expended by an individual in a day, including all activities and metabolic processes.

TDEE accounts for Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), which is the energy expended at rest to maintain basic physiological functions such as breathing and circulation, as well as additional energy expended through physical activity and the thermic effect of food (TEF), which is the energy expended during digestion and metabolism of food.

The Mifflin-St Jeor equation is often used to estimate BMR, providing a baseline estimate of the calories required to maintain basic bodily functions at rest.

To calculate TDEE, this BMR estimate is then **multiplied by an activity factor** that reflects the individual's level of physical activity throughout the day. The activity factor takes into account factors such as occupation, exercise habits, and lifestyle.

This Mifflin-St Jeor calculator relies on a formula. While the Mifflin-St Jeor equation is widely used and generally accurate for estimating Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) in many individuals, it has some limitations:

**Population-specific Variability**: The equation was developed using data from a specific population (white Americans) and may not be as accurate for individuals from different ethnic backgrounds or geographic regions.**Muscle Mass and Body Composition**: The equation does not directly account for variations in muscle mass and body composition, which can significantly impact metabolic rate. As a result, it may underestimate BMR in individuals with high muscle mass and overestimate it in individuals with low muscle mass.**Metabolic Adaptations**: BMR can vary due to factors such as hormonal fluctuations, metabolic adaptations, and health conditions. The equation provides a baseline estimate but may not capture individual variations accurately.**Age-related Changes**: While the equation includes age as a factor, it may not fully account for age-related changes in metabolism, such as declines in muscle mass and hormonal shifts, particularly in older adults.**Activity Level**: The Mifflin-St Jeor equation estimates BMR, which is the energy expended at rest. It does not account for physical activity or exercise level, which significantly contributes to total energy expenditure. Therefore, additional adjustments are often needed to estimate total daily energy expenditure accurately.**Accuracy in Extreme Cases**: The equation may not be as accurate for individuals with extreme body weights (very underweight or very overweight) or individuals with certain medical conditions that affect metabolism. You can check the BMI calculator for more information.**Indirect Measurement**: The Mifflin-St Jeor equation estimates BMR indirectly based on anthropometric measurements (weight, height, age, and gender) rather than direct measurement. While it provides a convenient estimate, direct measurement methods such as indirect calorimetry may offer more precise results.

Despite these limitations, the Mifflin-St Jeor equation remains a useful tool for estimating BMR in many individuals and serves as a valuable starting point for nutritional assessment and planning. However, it's essential to consider individual factors and use clinical judgment when interpreting results and making recommendations.

You can estimate BMR with a couple of other formulas:

- Harris-Benedict equation
- Katch-McArdle equation
- Schofield equation
- BMR calculator - comparing all formulas

The alternatives rely on different formulas and may produce slightly different estimates.

You can read our article on the Mifflin St Jeor equation in nutrition to learn more. Alternatively, check out this Wikipedia article for more information on the basal metabolic rate.