TDEE Calculator

This page provides a TDEE calculator online, free and without any ads or distractions. This is part of a series of free nutrition tools we provide at NutriAdmin.

Explore the full range of tools on this site! You can bookmark this page and come back anytime you need to calculate nutrition-related values.

Please enter weight, height, age, and gender below to calculate BMR using the Mifflin-St Jeor Equation

What is TDEE?

TDEE stands for Total Daily Energy Expenditure. It represents the total number of calories that your body burns in a day through various activities, including basal metabolic rate (BMR), physical activity, and the thermic effect of food (calories burned during digestion).

Calculating your TDEE can help you understand how many calories you need to maintain, gain, or lose weight based on your activity level and metabolic rate.

What is a TDEE calculator?

A TDEE calculator helps you determine Total Daily Energy Expenditure by using formulas for BMR and data you provide. You can simply enter height, weight, age, gender, physical activity and other variables to get your result.

How is TDEE Calculated?

The formula to calculate TDEE typically involves estimating the components of energy expenditure, including BMR and activity level. One common approach is to use the Harris-Benedict equation for BMR and then multiply it by an activity factor to account for physical activity. Here's a generalized formula:

TDEE = BMR × Activity Factor


  1. BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate): This can be calculated using several formulas, please check our BMR Calculator to learn more.
  2. Activity Factor: This factor represents your activity level and accounts for the calories burned through physical activity. It is typically expressed as a multiplier and can range from 1.2 (sedentary) to 1.9 (extremely active), depending on your level of physical activity.

Here's an example of how you might use this formula:

If your BMR is calculated to be 1500 calories per day and your activity level is moderately active (activity factor of 1.55), then your TDEE would be:

TDEE = 1500 calories/day × 1.55 = 2325 calories/day

This estimated TDEE represents the number of calories you would need to consume each day to maintain your current weight based on your activity level. Adjustments can be made to this estimate depending on your specific goals, such as weight loss or muscle gain.

How does TDEE relate to weight maintenance level?

This TDEE calculator can help plan how many calories to consume for weight maintenance.TDEE (Total Daily Energy Expenditure) is closely related to weight maintenance level because it represents the total number of calories your body burns in a day.

  • Calories In vs. Calories Out: To maintain your current weight, your calorie intake should match your TDEE. If you consume more calories than your TDEE, you'll likely gain weight because the excess calories are stored as fat. Conversely, if you consume fewer calories than your TDEE, you'll likely lose weight because your body taps into stored fat for energy.
  • Balancing Energy Intake and Expenditure: Understanding your TDEE helps you establish an appropriate calorie intake level for weight maintenance. By adjusting your diet to match your TDEE, you can sustain your current weight over time.
  • Accounting for Changes: If you experience changes in your activity level, such as starting a new exercise routine or becoming more sedentary, your TDEE may change accordingly. Adjusting your calorie intake to align with your updated TDEE can help you maintain your weight despite these changes.

In summary, TDEE serves as a guideline for determining your calorie needs for weight maintenance. By balancing your energy intake with your TDEE, you can sustain your current weight over the long term.

How is BMR calculated?

The TDEE calculator needs BMR in order to determine total energy. You can calculate BMR in this page, or with either of these calculators:

How does TDEE relate to BMR?

This page provides a TDEE calculator, butTDEE (Total Daily Energy Expenditure) is closely related to BMR (Basal Metabolic Rate) as it includes BMR as one of its components.

BMR represents the number of calories your body needs to maintain basic physiological functions at rest, such as breathing, circulating blood, and cell production.

TDEE, on the other hand, accounts for all the calories your body burns in a day, including BMR, calories burned through physical activity, and the thermic effect of food (calories burned during digestion).

In essence, BMR is the baseline energy expenditure, while TDEE provides a more comprehensive picture of your total daily calorie needs, considering both your resting metabolic rate and your activity level.


What are the limitations of calculating TDEE with a formula?

Calculating TDEE (Total Daily Energy Expenditure) with a formula has several limitations:

  1. Activity Level Estimation: TDEE formulas often rely on subjective assessments of activity level to determine the activity factor multiplier. Individuals may inaccurately estimate their activity level, leading to an overestimation or underestimation of calorie needs.
  2. Individual Variability: Like BMR formulas, TDEE formulas are based on general population averages and may not accurately reflect an individual's metabolism. Factors such as genetics, body composition, hormonal fluctuations, and metabolic disorders can significantly affect energy expenditure but are not fully accounted for in standard formulas.
  3. Sedentary Lifestyle Bias: Many TDEE formulas assume a sedentary lifestyle as the baseline activity level. However, individuals with physically demanding jobs or highly active lifestyles may have significantly higher energy expenditure needs that are not adequately captured by these formulas.
  4. Dynamic Nature of Energy Expenditure: TDEE can vary from day to day based on factors such as changes in physical activity, stress levels, hormonal fluctuations, and diet composition. Static formulas may not account for these fluctuations, leading to inaccuracies in estimated calorie needs.
  5. Inaccuracy of Inputs: TDEE formulas rely on accurate inputs such as BMR, activity level, and body composition. Errors in these inputs, such as inaccurate measurements or self-reported data, can lead to inaccuracies in the calculated TDEE.
  6. Limited Scope of Activity Factors: Activity factors used in TDEE formulas typically categorize individuals into broad activity levels (sedentary, lightly active, moderately active, etc.) without accounting for variations within each category. This oversimplification may lead to inaccuracies for individuals with unique activity patterns.
  7. Variability in Thermic Effect of Food: TDEE formulas typically do not account for individual differences in the thermic effect of food, which is the energy expended during digestion, absorption, and metabolism of nutrients. This component of energy expenditure can vary based on diet composition and meal timing.
  8. Health Conditions and Medications: Certain medical conditions, medications, and hormonal imbalances can influence metabolism and energy expenditure. TDEE formulas may not adequately adjust for these factors, leading to inaccuracies in estimated calorie needs.

Due to these limitations, calculated TDEE values are estimates and may not precisely reflect an individual's true energy expenditure. Adjustments and fine-tuning based on real-world observations may be necessary to optimize calorie intake for specific goals such as weight maintenance, loss, or gain.

Further information on TDEE

You can read about TDEE in this Wikipedia article.